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How does a doctor confirm it is dengue?
A blood test can confirm the dengue virus. The diagnosis of dengue fever is generally made clinically. The general picture is high fever with no set source of infection, a rash with low platelet and white blood cell count.
Who can get dengue fever?
Any person bitten by the mosquito carrying the virus can get dengue fever. The severity of dengue fever is related to the age of the person, immunity power and the kind of virus infection. People who have a medical history of suffering from one or the other kind of dengue fever stands a greater risk of getting dengue hemorrhagic fever if infected the second time.
How is dengue fever or dengue hemorrhagic fever treated?
There is no set treatment or medicines for treating any form of dengue fever. People suffering with dengue fever must rest a lot and drink lot of water and fluids. They should be kept in a mosquito safe area so that no mosquitoes bite the suffering person and carries the virus to another person. A platelet transfusion may be required if the platelet level drops importantly (below 20,000) or if there is significant bleeding.
Has dengue becoming a serious problem?
Yes it has. Different kinds of dengue fevers have re emerged all around the world and have caused frequent and greater epidemics. The problem is more severe in tropical cities. There has been a dramatic rise in the growth of dengue fever in the western hemisphere.
There are several factors that have contributed to the repeated re-occurrence of dengue:
1. Lack of effective mosquito control efforts in many of the countries with dengue problem.
2. Lack of public health systems that aid in early detecting and treatment of dengue fever.
3. Rapid urbanization in cities in the tropical region has led to urban decay, low standards of sanitation and overcrowding which helps in the growth of mosquitoes and allows faster spread of dengue fever from one person to another via mosquito bites.
4. Lack of awareness giving rise to breeding grounds for mosquitoes.
5. A growth in international travel allows a person infected by dengue virus to travel from one country to another as well as one city to other.
How can dengue be prevented?
The major health organizations are researching a cure but so far there is no vaccine to stop dengue fever. The government agencies have been working on spreading awareness about the dengue fever and how it can be prevented.
1. Eliminating any possible mosquito breeding site in and around your homes is the major way to prevent dengue from spreading. Discard items that tend to store water like a flower pot. Also make sure that no water remains stagnant anywhere inside or around your house. Regularly change water in your bird baths or water containers for animals.
2. Keep all parts of your body covered especially when you have to spend the outdoors. Remember, the dengue carrying mosquito strikes during the day and the malaria causing mosquitoes strikes during the night.
3. Use a mosquito repellent most of the times.
4. Use bed-nets if sleeping in areas that are prone to mosquitoes.
5. Do not ignore the symptoms, rush to your nearest doctor immediately.