Dengue is pronounced as DEN-ghee. It is a viral ailment, similar to flu, caused by an infected mosquito’s bite. A severe and oftentimes fatal complicatedness of dengue is Dengue hemorrhagic fever.
The worldwide prevalence of this disease has increased dramatically in the last decades. Dengue is now an epidemic in hundreds of countries in South East Asia, Africa, Americas, Eastern Mediterranean as well as the Western Pacific. The travelers returning home from the above regions carry a risk of being infected by the virus.
No exact treatment has been discovered for dengue as of date.
The dengue prevention teams work predominantly in eliminating breeding sites of the dengue mosquito in areas where the scare of epidemic is high.
Information regarding the infectious agent responsible for dengue
Dengue as well as dengue hemorrhagic fever happens when infected with any of the virus from the dengue family of viruses.
What is responsible for the spread of dengue?
Dengue is caused when an Aedes mosquito bites a person. The Aedes mosquito carries the disease by biting a person suffering from dengue and then biting another person.
What areas have most cases of denue
More and more cased of people suffering from dengue are emerging everyday especially in the tropical regions of the world. Dengue is a very common ailment in Americas, Africa, Australia, Asia as well as the Pacific. It has spread like an epidemic in the Caribbean Basin. Dengue is more commonly observed in urban areas; however, the cases in rural areas have also been on a rise. Cases of dengue are seldom reported from hilly areas situated above four thousand feet.
The Aedes mosquito known to transmit dengue breed in leftover water in disposed tires, flower pots, discarded oil drums as well as water containers located nearby human dwellings. Dengue mosquitoes are active during the day unlike the mosquitoes that cause malaria, thus they bite during the day.
The signs and symptoms of dengue fever as well as dengue hemorrhagic fever
Dengue fever does not have any gradual symptoms. The symptoms of dengue are sudden occurrence of very high fever, rashes, terrible headache, joint pain, muscle pain and pain around the eyes. The joint pain caused by dengue fever is so severe that the dengue fever is also known as “breakbone fever”. The patient may also suffer from loss of appetite, nausea as well as vomiting. The rashes are more commonly observed after three days of the occurrence of fever. It may table about ten days to recover from the chief symptoms of dengue fever, however, it may take about a month to fully recover.
The dengue fever if treated properly may only result in mild illness. Some cases may become more severe and result in dengue hemorrhagic fever. Dengue hemorrhagic fever causes leakage in blood vessels which leads to bleeding from the gums, mouth as well as the nose. Bleeding taking place inside the body can be detected by bruising on the body. Dengue hemorrhagic fever if not treated timely and properly can cause the blood vessels to collapse resulting in shock also known as dengue shock syndrome.
How much time does it take for the symptoms to appear?
The average days after the mosquito bite till the time the symptoms appear are four to six days. It may vary from three to fourteen days as well. Dengue fever is not contagious it can only spread with the mosquito bite of a carrier mosquito.
For more information on Dengue do read the Part 2.