Charaka, the great Indian physician, has described the vata as the principal moving force of the human body with specific functions. It also helps in executing functions of the other humours, pitta and kapha. Pitta and kapha are considered to be handicapped without involvement of vata. As far as scientific interpretation is concerned, vata has been identified as air that moves inside the human-body.
Vata is considered to be dry, cold and light in attributes. Vata definitely affects the physical and mental capabilities of humans. The principal site of v?ta is the colon. It also resides in jangha (thigh), nitamb (hips), karna (ear), asthi (bones) and tvaca (skin). Prana, udana, samana, vyana and apana are five types of vata located in different parts of the human body.
Aggravated state of vata
In aggravates state, vata produces several diseases. Charaka explains eighty diseases caused by aggravation of vata, they are listed below:
Anal prolapse, Aphasia, Arm pain, Arthritis, Astringent taste in the mouth, Atrophy of the arm, Back pain, Blurred vision, Breaking of the nails, Breaking of the teeth, Calf spasms, Contraction of the chest, Contraction of the eyebrow, Convulsion, Cracking of the lips, Cracking of the skin on the head, Cracking or fissures of the sole, Deafness, Deformation of the eyebrow, Deformation of the eyes, Diaphragm spasm, Diarrhoea, Difficulty with speech, Dislocation of the knee, Distension of the bladder, Dwarfism, Ear pain, Eye pain, Facial paralysis, Headache, Heart palpitations, Hemiplegia, Lameness affecting both legs, Lameness of one leg, Lockjaw, Loose teeth, Loss of balance when walking, Loss of sense of smell, Loud hearing, Lumbago, Neurasthenia, Numbness of the feet, Pain in the sole, Pain in the thigh, Pain of the chest, Pain of the forehead, Paralysis of the eyebrow, Paralysis of the neck, Paralysis of the penis, Paralysis of the thigh, Sciatica, Spasm, Spasm of the belly. Spondylitis, Stuttering, Gout, Swelling of the hip, Swelling of the knee, Temporal pain, Tetanus, Tinnitus, Upward contraction of the testicle, Voice defects and Wryneck (torticollis).
Some common manifestations of aggravated vata seen in routine practice are listed below:
- Desire for warmth
- Mental confusion
Vata pacifying diet
- Sweet grapes
- Sweet oranges
- Whole grain breads
- Cooked oatmeal
- Whole wheat
- Red lentils
- Whole moong beans
- Yellow split moong beans
- Almond milk
- Organic cow or goat milk
- Bay leaves
- Black pepper
- Celery seeds
- Lemon juice
- Mustard seeds
- Rock salt
- Cooked coconut
- Green peas
- Sweet potatoes
Some Common Tips for Balancing Vata
- Abhyanga (Therapeutic massage with sesame oil on regular basis).
- Avoid stimulants.
- Early bedtime, lots of rest.
- Favour warm, oily, heavy foods and sweet, sour, and salty tastes.
- Reduce light, dry, cold foods and pungent, bitter and astringent tastes.
- Regular and daily elimination.
- Regular daily routine.
- Stay warm in cold and windy weather.
- Warm and cooked foods.
- Warm temperatures.
Vata Pacifying Herbs
Vata Pacifying Ayurvedic Formulations
- Ashwagandha churna
- Ashwagandha pak
- Erandamula churna
- Lashunadi vati
- Maharasna Quatha
- Rasnadi churna
- Rasnasaptak Quatha
- Trikati churna
- Vatagajankush rasa
- Vatakulantak rasa
- Vatavidwas rasa
Vasti Treatment in Vata
Vasti is the important Ayurvedic procedure in pacifying deranged Vata humour. It is also one of the fundamental steps of seasonal purification therapy, panchakarma. Several clinical studies have confirmed utility of vasti in the treatment of vata related diseases. Kshia vasti is useful in clinical management of gout and osteoarthritis.
- Osteoarthritis: 33 patients of Sandhigatavata completed the treatment. The patients were randomised into two groups. Group a had 16 patients (sarvanga Abhyanga-swedana+ matravasti) and Group B had 17 patients (sarvanga Abhyanga–swedana+ matravasti + indigenous compound drug –Guggulu, Yastimadhu, Shallaki, Guduchi, Pippali, Kupilu,Godanti and Nirgundi). Patients from both groups showed significant relief from almost all signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis.
- Gout: A study investigated efficacy of Guduchyadi kshirvasti in the management of gout. Five patients diagnoses with gout were admitted for the study. At the end of the study, serum uric acid of 4 patients came back to normal value.
- Yoni-vyapad: Yoni-vyapad represents 20 vaginal diseases described in Ayurvedic texts. A study investigated the efficacy of Ayurvedic formulations (Jirakadi Modaka), recommended orally, and Matravasti with Rasnadi tailam. 50 patients satisfying criteria of Udavartini yonivyapat were selected on random basis. Yoni-vyapad was administered for the period of 3 months. Promising results were found with Jirakadi Modaka. Marked relief in the intensity of pain was noticed.
Vata is the major biological humour of the human body. The balanced state of the three biological humours represents health. By proper diet-regimen and code of conduct, deranged vata can be normalised. Several ayurvedic formulations are successfully used by practitioners to pacify vata. Vasti, as per old belief and modern clinical research is complete solution for eradicating vata disease.
- Haritalakshmi J, Vijayalakshmi B, Subbalaxmi B. CLINICAL STUDY OF UDAVARTINI (DYSMENORRHEA) YONIVYAPATH WITH ORAL ADMINISTRATION OF JEERAKADIMODAKA AND RASNADITAILA MATRAVASTI. Int J Ayur Pharma Research 2013; 1(3): 66-71
- Prassana L. Role of duchyadi kshirvasti in the management of gout. Int J Ayur Pharm 2011; 2:44-46.
- Shah MR, Mehta CS, Shukla VD, Dave AR, Bhatt NN. A Clinical study of Matra Vasti and an ayurvedic indigenous compound drug in the management of Sandhigatavata (Osteoarthritis). Ayu 2010; 31(2): 210–217.
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