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The verbal meaning of Agni is fire (digestive fire) and maandya is decreased or reduced. According to Ayurveda, low or disturbed digestive fire is considered as the root cause for all the diseases. Agni maandya is a chronic disease in which the digestion of food and nourishment of body tissues does not take place properly due to the reduction in the digestive capacity of agni.
The causative factors of Agni Maandya are irregular food habits, excess quantity of food consumption, consuming food which is not wholesome, extreme dry and cold food, incompatible food, misuse of purification (panchakarma) treatment, weakness due to diseases, irregularities in the season, time, suppression of natural urges and, emotional factors like fear, sorrow, worries, anger and insomnia.
Due to the causative factors and vitiated doshas, it affects the normal functioning of Agni or digestive fire. The disturbed Agni again aggravates the doshas and this is like a vicious circle which continues.
Indigestion even after very less intake of food is seen in kaphaja Agni maandya (due to kapha dosha).
In vataja agni mandhya, there is always variation in the digestion process. It is very irregular, sometimes there is proper digestion, and at times the food does not get digested. Any amount of food taken is digested completely. It is due to the sharp quality of Agni and is called as pittaja Agni maandya or the one caused due to pitta dosha; it leads to diminution of body tissues.
Symptoms produced can be burning sensation and thirst due to pitta; rhinitis, tuberculosis, obesity due to Kapha and various vata dominant diseases due to vata dosha.
Sometimes there is no manifestation of disease but Agni maandya is present. This shows the following symptoms:
Anti vata treatment like; giving unctuous sour,salty items, fasting with light food. Formulations like Agni tundi vati and Hingvashtaka churna would be beneficial.
Anti -pitta treatments like; heavy, cold unctuous quality food items are useful. Rice gruel, rice water can be given. Formulations like Kaamadugha rasa with Mouktika bhasma would be beneficial.
Anti kapha line of treatment is followed like; fasting, expelling the phlegm out of the body through vamana or emesis. Giving appetisers, digestive, pungent, salty medicines and food items. Formulations like Hingvashtaka churna, Trikatu churna, and Panchakolasava would be beneficial.
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