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Lumbar spondylosis is generally termed as low back pain among common population. But lumbar spondylosis might not be the only reason for low back pain. Good thing is, there is definite Ayurvedic treatment for lumbar spondylosis.
What is Lumbar Spondylosis
Lumbar spondylosis is a progressive and irreversible degenerative disorder of the lumbar vertebrae, where there will be stiffening and fixation of spine. People over the age of 40 are at the highest risk of developing symptoms of lumbar spondylosis.
Usual location ofLumbar spondylosis is the last vertebra of the lumbar spine (L5) and the first vertebra of the sacral spine (S1). The lumbar region is mostly affected because this region is most exposed to mechanical stress due to the loading of the spinal segments while standing and during spinal motion.
When a patient suffers from lumbar spondylosis, osteophytes can be formed. These are bony overgrowths that occur due to the stripping of the periost from the vertebral body. The formation of these osteophytes can cause neural foraminal stenosis, which will produce pain. The patient can also experience joint stiffness, which will limit the motion.
How common is Lumbar spondylosis?
Low back ache is a common problem and the highest prevalence is seen in patients aged 45-65 years. Approximately 60–85% of adults suffer from low back ache during some point in their lives. Among musculoskeletal disorders in India, the prevalent morbidity of lumbar spondylosis is 4.16%.
Causes of Lumbar Spondylosis
Signs and Symptoms of Lumbar Spondylosis
How is Lumbar Spondylosis diagnosed
By physical examination, X-ray or CT scan or MRI, your doctor will diagnose Lumbar spondylosis.
Management of Lumbar Spondylosis
The following methods are employed in mitigating Lumbar Spondylosis:
Bed Rest: Severe cases of spondylosis may require bed rest for 1-3 days. Once the pain and stiffness has minimized, the patient is treated.
Braces or Belt Use: Temporary bracing (1 week) may help relieve symptoms.
Lifestyle Modification: Losing weight and maintaining a healthy weight, eating nutritious foods, regular exercise, and controlling smoking are important. In fact, lifestyle can be said to be the greatest reason for Lumbar Spondylosis.
Muscle Relaxants: Muscle relaxant medication helps to alleviate muscle spasm and pain.
Narcotics: Narcotics (opioids) may be prescribed for short periods of time to reduce acute pain.
NSAIDs: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) relieve inflammation that often contributes to pain.
Physical therapy: Helps to strengthen the muscles, increases flexibility and range of motion.
Spinal Injections: There are many types of spinal injections including epidural steroid injections and facet
joint injections. These injections combine a local anesthetic and steroid medication to reduce inflamed nerve tissues and thereby often help to reduce pain.
Surgical procedure: Surgical methods include laminectomy (small portion of the bone compressing the nerve are removed) and spinal fusion.
Limitations of Modern Treatment of Lumbar Spondylosis
In Ayurveda, Lumbar spondylosis is termed as kati shoola or kati graha or prushta or trika shoola. It is mainly caused due to vitiation of Vata dosha.
Lumbar Spondylosis Treatment in Ayurveda
The aim of Lumbar spondylosis treatment in Ayurveda is to rehydrate the dehydrated disc, reduce pain, inflammation and muscle spasm. The goal is also to strengthen the muscles and nerve roots, so that the problem is eliminated from its base.
Ayurvedic Medicines for Lumbar Spondylosis
The following medicines are used in Ayurveda to treat Lumbar spondylosis. Their effects are also listed.
1-2 capsules with warm water or as directed by physician.
Go for these Ayurvedic therapies and remedies for relieving the herniated disk. They are free from side effects and are an alternative to surgical procedures. Let your doctor decide upon the Ayurvedic treatment for slip disc best suited to your condition.
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External Treatment of Lumbar spondylosis in Ayurveda
Being a holistic method of treatment, Ayurveda also offers non-medicinal treatments for Lumbar spondylosis. Some of the methods and their uses are given below.
Abhyanga: Full body and localised massage. It tones up the muscles and improves blood circulation. The stretching technique followed during massage acts as traction and helps to reduce stenosis by increasing intervertebral space. Thus, it reduces the nerve irritation.
Swedana: Fomentation by patra pinda sveda, Bashpa sweda, nadi sweda or churna pinda sweda. Sudation reduces pain and stiffness in ligaments, muscle spasm and improves blood circulation.
Kati vasti: Retention of oil on lower back, which helps in replacement of hydration in the affected disc.
Vasti: Medicated oil and decoction enemas. Through vasti the medicine reaches the large intestine, where the essential nutrients for the bones and joints are absorbed; it also reduces the bulging of intervertebral disc. According to Ayurveda large intestine is considered as Vata stana, hence vasti plays a very major role to control the vitiated vata in lumbar spondylosis
Upanaha or Lepa: Local application of medicated paste or poultice, to relieve pain, stiffness and numbness.It also retains warmness around the affected area, and sustains good circulation of blood.
All these treatments must be done for minimum 7 days and may extend up to 14-21 days depending upon the severity.
Guidelines for Lumbar spondylosis
Yogasanas beneficial in treating Lumbar spondylosis
Ayurveda and yoga can help alleviate the pain associated with lumbar spondylosis and eventually cure you of this debilitating ailment.
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