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Remember your science classes at school where you used to memorise a lot about human organs? Do you remember learning about the thyroid gland? This particular organ we are referring to is butterfly shaped, which is found near your throat. It’s an endocrine gland that makes thyroid hormones, which control your body’s metabolism and the speed at which your calories burn and your heartbeat.
But like all organs of the human body, even the thyroid gland can get affected. If that happens, it can generate excess or very little of the hormone. This is what makes it overactive or underactive and can make you feel tired or restless. You may either lose or gain weight. As you begin to touch 50+, especially in ladies, the effects can get to be unpleasant and uncomfortable. So it’s important to know about the thyroid problems, diagnosis and treatment before they trouble you any further.
The best treatment options for such diseases are ayurvedic treatment. Ayurveda helps to cure diseases naturally.
Women are the ones that are more prone to getting thyroid disorders and hypothyroidism in particular. Thyroid ailments can lead to:
How many women know that it is the thyroid that helps control your menstrual cycle? Whenever your thyroid hormone production is too low or too high, your monthly period can become very light or heavy and irregular. Amenorrhea is a very traumatic situation for a woman when the periods stop for a longer period of time. If thyroid disease happens, it can also affect the ovaries and bring on early menopause, even before you reach 40 years.
With the menstrual cycle getting affected, the process of ovulation also gets affected. This can hamper your chances of getting pregnant.
Due to thyroid problems, the health of the expecting mother and the child in the womb can get affected.
Studies have shown women to be suffering from thyroid disorder more, but men are not very far behind.
Dr Sanjiv Shah who is a consultant diabetologist and endocrinologist at Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital in Mumbai, says “The popular conception is that it occurs exclusively in women. This is not so. As much as 1% of men suffer from thyroid imbalances.”
Dr Sujeet Jha, head of department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity, Max Healthcare feels “Hypothyroid in men is less common than in women, but it does not mean men do not suffer from it. In my clinic, a couple of men with thyroid disease are diagnosed almost daily”.
There are several types of thyroid ailments that are affecting the female gender more than the male gender.
This is a situation when insufficient thyroid hormone is being produced by the thyroid gland. As a result, the metabolic processes in the body slow down. Here are the symptoms:
Patients suffering from hypothyroidism are given a medicine which gives their body the thyroid hormone required to work normally.
Common medicines include man-made forms of the hormone similar to what your thyroid produces, which are to be taken for the rest of your life.
Malfunctioning of your thyroid gland spells trouble. Thyroid disorders can vary from harmless goitre to cancer of the thyroid gland. Instead of taking pain relievers or anti-depressants, the best way to counter hypothyroidism is to provide your body with sufficient iodine.
Here are the suggested foods that give you sufficient iodine.
Some foods hamper the production of thyroid hormone. So limit their intake to once a week, if you can’t resist eating them. Here are some goitrogen-packed vegetables, nuts and fruit that need to be taken in lesser quantity by patients suffering from hypothyroidism.
Small activities such as brisk walking, exercising, doing Yoga or Pranayam or meditation are beneficial remedies for treating thyroid disorders.
Get into the habit of doing Sarvangasana(Standing on shoulders). It is the best Asana for treating most thyroid gland problems, and also improving the general health and functioning of the gland.
If you are suffering from hypothyroidism, this yogasana tends to release more thyroid hormones. If you are overactive by any chance, it tends to reduce the secretions. So both ways you benefit from this yoga technique.
Apart from Sarvangasana, there are other yoga exercises too such as pranayam techniques that will come to your help in treating hypothyroidism.
Before doing pranayama or yoga, always consult your doctor first and get trained by a qualified yoga teacher to be on the safer side.
Most of you would ask why do it when there is no connection with hypothyroidism (which is an ailment related to thyroid gland).
The answer is simple – if the adrenal gland is weak, it can cause both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
An adrenal gland can become weak due to poor dietary and lifestyle habits. Here are some tips you need to follow:
You need to have optimum levels of vitamin D in your body as that will help improve immunity and decrease your chances of thyroid disorder.
Spend 10-15 minutes in the early morning to mid morning sunshine hours. It will keep your thyroid healthy.
Hyperthyroidism stands for an overactive thyroid that produces excess of thyroid hormone. This affects the immune system causing Graves’ disease.
In the beginning, the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are not visible to the eye. Over a period of time, the metabolic processes become faster, leading to the following abnormalities.
Depending on your symptoms and causes, your doctor can suggest you the following alternatives:
The difference between yoga exercises for hypo and hyperthyroidism is not much. Only the poses are a bit different (walking and going to the gym remaining the same). Learn the yoga poses from a yoga guru to get best results. Here are some of the yoga postures that are best for hyperthyroid patients:
Eat food rich in zinc and calcium. Vitamins C, E and A also prove to be helpful in hyperthyroidism. Try and incorporate the following in your diet:
Hope these tips help you manage your thyroid levels better. Don’t forget to get regular check ups so you can be aware of any changes in your thyroid function and take adequate measures to correct it.
02 Tablets after breakfast and dinner, with warm water or as directed by the physician.
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