Prakriti is an inherent nature of an individual determined at the time of your birth, which cannot be changed during your lifetime. It is the basic constitution of your body and mind formed by the unique combination of three doshas.
According to Ayurveda following are the factors, which determine the prakriti of the foetus:
Types of Prakriti
- Time and season during the conception.
- Doshic dominance in the uterus.
- Condition of the sperm and ovum.
- Maternal food and lifestyle.
Prakriti is of two types:
- Sharirika prakriti
- Manasika prakriti
There are seven types of sharirika prakriti based on permutation and combination of doshas:
- Vata prakriti.
- Pitta prakriti.
- Kapha prakriti.
- Vata-pitta prakriti.
- Pitta-Kapha prakriti.
- Kapha-vata prakriti.
- Tridosha- Vata pitta kapha prakriti.
And three types of manasika prakriti based on three gunas:
Following are the few features of Ekadoshaja prakriti
Each prakriti has different characteristic features. A balanced tridosha prakriti is considered as ideal. Individuals with tridosha prakriti will have exceptionally good health, mental functions, and longevity. Whereas Vata dominant persons are more prone to diseases and Kapha dominant persons have good
resistance power against diseases. But, practically most of them have a combination of two doshas. Still you can try to get a healthy progeny by following the regimens mentioned in Garbha Sanskara of Ayurveda. If you are vata predominant prakriti you can follow the diet and regimens told in Ayurveda to prevent falling ill repeatedly.
The concept of prakriti makes Ayurveda unique from other medical systems. Selection of treatments, medicine is different for each individual depending on their prakriti. According to Ayurveda, each individual is different. Hence, they need to be thoroughly examined for prakriti (physically and mentally), agni, dosha and dhatus before starting any medications.
Example: To improve the appetite and digestion in a Kapha dominant prakriti person chitrakadi vati can be given, whereas in pitta dominant prakriti chitrakadi vati may aggravate gastritis.
Ayurveda also suggests about food which is conducive, foods which need to be avoided , how to prepare and process the food according to your prakriti. Following all these measures you can definitely avoid major diseases like diabetes, hypertension, obesity, etc.
Example: If you are a Kapha dominant person, you need to avoid more intake of sweets, day sleep and do more regular exercise to prevent diabetes and obesity.
If you are pitta dominant person, you are more prone to gastritis. Hence, you need to avoid too spicy and deep fried oily foods.
A study was conducted to find out the correlation between prakriti and the genome. Analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms revealed that about 52 genes might be responsible for an individual’s prakriti.
There are also studies going on to prove the nanotechnology in Ayurveda. Ayurvedic bhasmas prepared according to the classical method has nanoparticle size. (Bhasmas are nano medicine of ancient times)
Ayurvedic treatises are written after repeated trials, experiments, observation and constant practice by our ancestors. Everything in Ayurvedic literature is scientific and need not be proved. The science behind the literature can be understood and applied accordingly only by an intellectual physician.
Example: The level of vitiation of doshas in a patient can be determined by a physician upon interrogation, inspection, observation and examination. There are no standardised lab tests for this.
Even though it is very difficult to standardise or measure the parameters of Ayurveda by a tool, studies are carried out to for easy understanding and to bring some standardisation based on the modern platform.
Ayurveda is not only a medical science it is a science of life, a holistic system which deals with body, mind, consciousness, teaches you ethics and morals of life. We need to improve our vision and view Ayurveda in a different perspective. Start adopting Ayurveda in your life for a healthy future.