Blood pressure has an upper digit, the systolic pressure and a lower digit, i.e. the diastolic pressure.
The normal BP of an adult of any age or gender is 120/80 mm Hg.
The upper limit of 120 units means that at the time of heart beat, the arterial blood pressure is 120 mm Hg.
And the lower limit of 80 indicates that when the heart is at rest, this is the pressure exerted by blood on artery walls.
What is commonly known as high blood pressure, is medically called as Hypertension or htn.
When elevated levels of blood pressure is felt in the arteries before and during a heart beat, the person is said to be hypertensive.
Currently, millions of people across the planet are affected by high BP.
Hypertension has three stages, namely:
Stage 1 Hypertension: The good blood pressure mark is exceeded by 10 points i.e. it reaches 130-139/80-89 mm Hg.
Stage 2 Hypertension: The person may either have a systolic pressure of 140 mm Hg or diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg.
Hypertensive Crisis: This is a fatal situation in which the blood pressure reaches above or equal to 180/120 mm Hg.
For lowering the increased blood pressure, allopathic medicines, natural remedies , exercise, etc can be used.
Obvious Symptoms of Hypertension
Tiredness: The most common symptom is fatigue. The body muscles tend to become stiff, your energy levels hit a new low and joint movements are hindered.
Confusion: If you are feeling dizzy or heated or very light in your head, it may be a danger sign. In very high BP, brain activity may partially stop.
Body ache or Headache: Another set of obvious symptoms, they are found in critical cases. Get yourself diagnosed if you feel a heaviness or throbbing pain in the skull or chest.
Breathlessness and Squeamish: Not very common, they are found in extreme cases. They are a sign of poor heart, gut or chest health and hence should not be taken lightly.
The Not-So Obvious Causes of Hypertension
Obesity: Obesity is the root cause of many diseases in the 21st century. Undoubtedly, it is one of the foremost reasons for high blood pressure too. It narrows the vessel walls and hardens them, making it difficult for blood to flow through. It is the result of a poor lifestyle.
Lack of Stamina: Heart functions may be disbalanced by general deficiency of nutrients and dehydration. It will definitely impact the blood circulation.
Age: With the weakening of body muscles over time, it is highly likely that elderly people may develop Hypertension.
Genetically: If your family has a history of hypertension, then it is most likely that you will have it too. At present, it has no cure. It can only be controlled through lifelong medication.
Hormonal changes: There might be hormonal imbalances due to injuries or damage in the hormone-producing glands like adrenal, thyroid or endocrine gland which can mess up with the rate of blood circulation, making it very high.
Dysfunctional Kidney or Heart: This may cause Stage 2 Hypertension symptoms. Fortunately, it is curable. When the allied illness is treated, it eventually helps in controlling BP.
Plethoric use of Addictive Substances: Certain agents like caffeine, nicotine or alcohol increase normal BP levels. These substances may also cause fat accumulation, nervous breakdown or cardiac arrest.
Hypertension Treatment : Solutions on Offer
As of date, hypertension is not curable.
A proper treatment schedule can help you manage it, saving you from sudden shoot ups.
Below are few solutions that can be tried:
Diet: It is best to avoid salt and sugar in your diet to the extent possible. Increase the intake of vitamins, fibre and minerals. A minimum of 2 litres of water should be taken in small quantities throughout the day.
Physical Exercise: Make exercise a part of your day routine. Instead of heavy exercises that may tax you physically, opt for 30 to 60 minutes of walking, jogging etc.
Allopathic Medicines: Since it is a lifelong disease, daily medicines need to be taken, which may have a side effect on kidneys or heart.
Ayurvedic Preparations: Since they are made from natural ingredients, they do not have any side effects. They help the body stimulate its own natural mechanisms to regulate blood flow.
Ayurvedic treatment for hypertension, being preventive and economical, is one of the most sought after treatments.
Since it does not have any apprehension regarding sex, age or medial condition of an individual, it is being universally used, thus becoming one of the best hypertension treatments available.
Treasures from Kitchen: Beat Hypertension naturally
Carom Seeds:It is one of the natural ways to lower blood. It also improves heart health and streamlines hormones. It is a pretty strong remedy to try on.
Cinnamon: Of all the home remedies to lower blood pressure, it is the sweetest. It not only naturally detoxifies but also rejuvenates and stimulates the vital organs. It is effective in cutting down the BP during the day also.
Holy Basil: It is rich in antioxidants. It has soothing compounds which relaxes the arteries. It is safe for all age groups and even reduces body fat.
Ginger and Garlic: Another effective ingredient for improving blood chemistry. Ginger and garlic have anti-inflammatory effects on the blood vessels and heart walls.
Cardamom: Since it is used as a mouth freshener, it is a quick remedy to manage BP on an hourly basis while travelling or under stress, preventing sudden spikes.
Tips to Curb Hypertension:
Maintain your waistline: If you remove the extra flab around your waist, research says you can proportionally decrease blood pressure. Keep in mind your BMI.
De-Stress: Under stress, normal blood pressure for adults does not remain the same. Try to stay away from anxiety and stress. Plan your stuff, reorganise them and always stay positive.
Rest well: We all know that the body repairs itself while we are sleeping. Get those precious 8 hours of sleep undisturbed.
White poison: Just like that table salt and sugar have not been labeled as white poison. They do more harm than you can imagine. Along with harming your other organs they are also responsible for a sudden rise in BP.
Ayurvedic Treasures for Hypertension
Ashwagandha: This highly famed herb for high blood pressure calms your brain and body. It helps to improve metabolism and streamlines hormone levels.
Arjuna: You want your heart to be absolutely healthy, then go for this herb. It restores the lost tensile strength of soft tissues.
Amla: Full of Vitamin C, it keeps your heart, kidneys, liver and muscles healthy.
Triphala: The blend of three powerful herbs, Triphala clears the blood of its impurities allowing the smooth flow of nutrients across the body. It is mostly added to natural blood pressure medicines.
Brahmi: It is undoubtedly the best herb for high blood pressure treatment at home. It is helpful in treating frequently occurring headaches and also regularizes heart functions.
Yoga: Unlimited benefits for Hypertension
A relaxation exercise involving the entire body working upon all the internal organs is known as Yoga.
It uses the mind along with body strengthening both of them to make the natural healing process faster.
Yoga also enhances metabolism, is a mood lifter and with the right poses can promote weight loss.
Shishuasana (Child Pose): As the name suggests, this pose calms you down like a child. It reduces the stiffness of blood vessels making way for the blood to flow to extremities. It eases the exhausted body and irritated mind.
Paschimottanasana (Forward Bend Pose): Stretch your muscles by bending forward in this pose. It will reduce your mental stress and repair damaged tissues.
Vajrasana (Diamond Pose): Cuts the fat around the belly while toning it up. It is super good for digestion.
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