“I am anxious about everything…if my husband is late, if my son has a fever, if nobody is attending the call… I can’t figure out why I worry so much”
Anxiety is normal but it becomes a disorder and a problem when the anxiety and worry become excessive, exaggerated and uncontrollable in normal everyday situations. Everything that comes across in life is seen with fear, worry and apprehension. Many of us do not need a reason to be worried. Even a small harmless traffic block can make a lot many of us anxious and worried for a while. Nevertheless, anxiety is necessary as it motivates and alerts one into action in times of danger. It is just a response to stress and you don’t have to be worried about being worried occasionally.
Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
When your worry remains the same even after the situation and you cannot relax, you probably have a disorder. If you tend to anticipate about events which are unlike to happen and cannot find piece of mind you have GAD. People with GAD complain that they keep on worrying about something or another and that they cannot remember relaxing. They cannot wait for a loved one patiently who is probably late due to a traffic block without thinking of the worst. They are further stressed by simple real life situations and experience nervousness, edginess, sleep disturbances, headaches, trembling, twitching, irritability, frustration, and inability to concentrate. They also feel tired and restless. GAD is chronic and may persist for several months. It may co-exist with IBS and make matters worse for the sufferer. Having IBS would cause nausea, gas troubles, dizziness, lack of appetite and the like. In short, it highly reverses the normal life of an individual.
Psychotherapy is generally recommended for GAD. They may also be backed up by medications like antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs. They control your worries and provide sedation. But they are soothing and hence addictive. Psychotherapy includes counseling, cognitive-behavioral therapy and other talk-therapies. Hence cognitive-behavioral therapy is a highly advised for GAD.
Cognitive therapy essentially deal with the thinking and believing process. With this, we train our mind to change the though process and pattern from what we have been doing. We condition our mind to think healthily, realistically and positively so that the symptoms of the disease vanish. Behavioral therapy focuses on what we do and teaches us how to identify and stop the behaviour that results in anxiety, it guides us on using deep-breathing techniques to deal with the symptoms of anxiety.
Cope With It Positively
You can lead a normal and happy life with GAD. However, it is up to you to talk to a therapist or a counselor to learn some relaxation techniques to sooth yourself and your IBS. Stress reducing techniques like deep-breathing or visualization, music therapy can ease IBS and unnecessary worries.
- Regular exercise
- Good sleep
- Healthy diet
A mental health professional may also suggest certain self help techniques to reduce your agony. You can try self-talk, jotting down your worries and so on. It is also important to prepare yourself for stressful events in life so that you do not panic.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)