If you think sweating, rapid pulse rate and anxiety will warn you of high blood pressure, then you are mistaken.
High blood pressure is a silent killer.
It implies that there are no visible symptoms of high blood pressure. If you have diabetes, your chances of developing hypertension are high. If you suffer from diabetes as well as from high blood pressure, managing this condition becomes very crucial. So keeping track of your blood sugar levels as well as your blood pressure is extremely important.
How Diabetes and High Blood Pressure are related?
If you have diabetes, there is a high risk of developing high blood pressure. This is because diabetes causes narrowing and hardening of your blood vessels. This leads to atherosclerosis. This condition of atherosclerosis increases the pressure on the arteries and spikes your blood pressure.
Diabetes and high blood pressure are further related as high blood pressure makes complications of diabetes worse. It enhances the risk of getting a heart attack, stroke and other life threatening diseases. It is therefore very important to keep your blood pressure at the normal range of 120/80 along with controlling your blood sugar levels.
If diabetes and high blood pressure go untreated, it may result in the following complications:
- Kidney failure: Diabetes and high blood pressure heighten the risk of developing chronic kidney disease and eventually kidney failure. Kidneys fail to clean the toxins from your blood due to kidney disease. This lowers the count of red blood cells leading to anaemia and fatigue.
- Heart disease: Heart disease is a set of various types of heart conditions. Coronary artery disease or CAD, atherosclerosis, heart attack and angina are some of the common heart diseases. Diabetes and hypertension commonly cause coronary artery disease.
- Heart attack: Diabetes is a major risk factor for heart disease. If it is clubbed with other risk factors like high blood pressure, the danger of heart disease goes up further. CAD causes angina and eventually a heart attack.
- Stroke: Diabetes and high blood pressure cause narrowing of the arteries and puts you in the high risk zone for getting a stroke.
- Blood vessel damage: Hypertension and diabetes increases LDL cholesterol levels. This causes blockage of the arteries and clots.
High blood pressure is a asymptomatic condition. It is therefore important to get your blood pressure checked regularly by the doctor. Keep it at or below 120/80 which is the normal range. Your doctor will also recommend the following tests for diagnosing hypertension:
- Urine test: to check the traces of protein or blood in urine
- Blood test : to check risk factors like cholesterol
- Electrocardiogram: to check the effect of high blood pressure on heart
Also get your blood sugar levels tested atleast 4 times a year. HbA1C test can be taken for keeping track of blood sugar levels.
It leaves you with no choice but to control your diabetes and high blood pressure by taking medicines and making healthy lifestyle changes. Low intake of sodium and sugar in your diet, exercising to boost blood oxygen levels, adding more fruits and veggies to your platter, lowering excessive body weight are some of the steps that will benefit you. Make good health your priority!