My cousin Anuradha has been trying to conceive for a year now. She realised that her anaemic condition is hindering her fertility. Many women like Anuradha did not know that lack of adequate haemoglobin can lower their fertility rates and chances of conception, or they would have acted faster.
How can Iron Deficiency Anemia lead to infertility?
If you fail to get enough of the nutrient iron, it can keep you from getting pregnant. That is a medically proven fact! Studies show that women who fail to get sufficient amount of iron, may suffer anovulation (opposite of ovulation) and poor egg quality.
In the absence of iron, count of red blood cells goes down. Due to this condition, amounted oxygen carried to the uterus and ovaries spirals down. This leads to weakening of the eggs in the ovaries and in some cases, cause the eggs to become unviable.
Inefficiency of iron is the reason behind low level of red blood cells and anemia. This further restricts the possibility of pregnancy in females. Worst, even if conception occurs, anemia and lack of iron, can lead to miscarriage.
What is Iron Deficiency Anemia?
Iron-deficiency anemia is a common anemia (low red blood cell or hemoglobin levels) caused by insufficient dietary intake and absorption of iron, and/or iron loss from bleeding which can originate from a range of sources such as the intestinal, uterine or urinary tract.
When your body does not have enough iron, it leads to anemia. Also, this is the most common type of anemia and found mostly in females.
Iron deficiency anemia can happen because of the following reasons:
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Not enough iron in food
- Heavy internal bleeding
- Inability of the body to absorb iron
What are the symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia? Do they always show?
The symptoms of anemia are not very noticeable, and that often leads to the negligence. Though the symptoms might not garner attention in the beginning, long term and recurring infections are an indication of IDA. Get yourself tested if you notice the following signs:
- Weakness and fatigue ranging from mild to severe
- Grumpiness and crankiness
- Frequent headaches
- Shortness of breath
- Trouble in concentration
- Poor appetite
- Low blood pressure
- Brittle nails
How to diagnose Anemia?
If you notice any of the above symptoms happening chronically or unusually, given that all these can happen normally, you should consult a doctor.
The doctor will conduct a preliminary physical exam, asking you questions about your medical history. After that, you will be asked for a blood test called CBC, which includes complete blood count, and an iron test to show the level of iron in your blood.
Is it possible to correct Anemia And Boost Fertility With Diet?
Fortunately, any kind of deficiency can be cured. Same is the case of Iron Deficiency Anemia. Taking prescription iron supplements, two to three times a day is often recommended. You can correct anemia by including these foods in the diet:
- Dark, leafy green vegetables like spinach, asparagus etc.
- Iron fortified cereals and bread
- Brown rice
- Nuts and seeds
- Dried fruits like apricots, raisins etc.
Also, include foods that increase the absorption of iron in your body like Vitamin C rich oranges, strawberries, tomatoes, broccoli etc.
One should try and include foods from all major groups in her diet. Iron deficiency anemia is nothing, but a condition mostly caused by sheer ignorance. No matter how busy you are, do take time to provide your own body with the required level of nutrition.
Keep up your haemoglobin level to prevent anemia and enhance your fertility.