Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of your nails. It is a condition where there is whitish or yellowish discolouration of your nails. It commonly occurs in your toe nails.
Causes of Fungal Infection of the Nail
- Wearing shoes for prolonged duration makes your nails warm and moist. This enhances fungal growth.
- Weak immune power and poor blood circulation.
- Using public swimming pools and walking in barefoot in public places.
- Other conditions like psoriasis, athlete's foot, etc.
Signs and Symptoms of Fungal Infection
- Your nails become thick, brittle and crumbled.
- Dry and dull nails.
- Foul smell.
- Mild pain.
Management of Fungal Infection
- Trim and file your nails to soften and thin it.
- Use breathable leather shoes. Avoid plastic or rubber shoes.
- If you are in a humid climate, use open-toed shoes or sandals.
- Dust talcum powder before wearing shoes.
- Choose the socks which absorbs sweat.
- Wash your nails well with mild soap daily.
- Avoid using nail polish.
- Don’t walk in barefoot in public places.
- Remove the dead skin around your nails by scrubbing with a pumice stone. Never attempt to cut the skin folds around your nails.
- You can apply tea tree oil or neem leaves paste or henna.
- Dip a cotton ball in lemon juice and massage the affected nails.
- Improve the blood circulation to your toes by massage, exercise, walking, and yoga.