Thalassemia is a genetic disorder inherited in the family, characterised by low haemoglobin in red blood cells and high destruction of RBCs than normal leading to anaemia.
Causes of Thalassemia
Gene mutation is the cause of Thalassemia. It is inherited from parents to offspring. If only one parent has thalassemia then the offspring becomes the carrier of the disease and they don’t exhibit severe symptoms of the disease.
Signs and Symptoms of Thalassemia
- Easily weak and fatigued.
- Stunted growth.
- Pale or yellowish skin.
- Low appetite.
- Enlargement of abdominal organs like spleen.
- Weak and deformed bones.
- Repeated infections.
- Associated with heart and liver problems.
Since Thalassemia is a genetic disease there is no permanent cure. If you are suffering from mild thalassemia, you need not undergo treatment. Simple measures are enough to keep you healthy. Whereas severe form of thalassemia may require repeated blood transfusion and removal of the spleen.
Ayurvedic Management of Thalassemia
- Eat a healthy balanced diet. Make sure you get adequate folic acid, calcium, and vitamin D.
- Consume iron rich foods moderately.
- Drinking tea as it will prevent iron buildup in your body.
- You can take ginger to improve your appetite.
- Eat light and easily digestible foods. Avoid heavy and junk foods.
- Include amla and pomegranate in your diet.
- Dhatri avaleha and wheat grass are found to give beneficial results. (Source: Role of Dhatri avaleha in Thalassemia and Wheatgrass- potential life saviour)
- Ayurvedic medicines like Amalaki, Punarnava, Laksha, aloe vera, Dadimadi ghrita etc are helpful.
- Improve your immunity, wash hands regularly, avoid close contact with an infected person and take other measures to avoid repeated infections.
- You can take Guduchi, Amalaki, Tulasi, Haridra to improve your immunity.
- Do mild exercise to stay active.
- Practice pranayama and meditation to overcome fatigue and overall well-being.
Even though these remedies are beneficial in thalassemic patients, it is wise to consult your doctor and take an opinion personally from an Ayurvedic physician before trying.
Prevention of Thalassemia
- Avoid consanguineous marriage.
- If you are suffering from thalassemia or a carrier, seek the guidance of genetic counsellor before getting married.