A canker sore or mouth ulcer is medically termed as aphthous stomatitis. It is a painful, open, white or yellowish wound occurring in your oral cavity in clusters. It usually occurs inside your lips, cheeks and on the tongue.
Causes of Canker Sores
- Injury while brushing or chewing hard food items.
- Certain chemical based toothpaste and mouthwash.
- Nutritional deficiency like Vitamin B-12, folic acid, zinc and iron deficiency.
- Hormonal variations.
- Consuming more chocolates, nuts, sour and spicy foods.
- Stress and anxiety.
- Few diseases like HIV, IBS, peptic ulcer, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease make you more susceptible to mouth ulcers.
Signs and Symptoms of Canker Sores
- Pain and burning sensation.
- Oval shaped white or yellowish wound surrounded by a red margin. It usually heals within 10-14 days.
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- Mild rise in your body temperature.
Management of Canker Sores
- Boil 1 tsp of Triphala or Yashtimadhu powder in a glass of water. Allow it cool, filter and add ½ tsp of honey. Rinse your oral cavity with this solution twice daily.
- Mix a pinch of Yashtimadhu powder with ghee and honey. Apply on the sore directly.
- Avoid eating spicy, salted and hard foods. Prefer liquid or semi-solid foods.
- Dip a tea bag in lukewarm water, squeeze excess water and place it over the ulcer for few minutes.
- Internally, Khadiradi vati, Kamadugha rasa, Triphala kashaya can be taken.
Prevention of Canker Sores
- Use herbal toothpaste and avoid chemical based toothpaste or mouthwash.
- Brush gently with a soft bristle toothbrush. Do oil pulling regularly.
- Take supplements like Dhatri loha, Amalaki rasayana and Chyawanprash.
- Make sure your bowel movements are clear. Avoid constipation by taking Avipattikar churna, Triphala or Trivrut churna.
- Soak few raisins in water overnight and eat them on an empty stomach next morning.
- Eat healthy foods and include more fruits and vegetables in your diet.
- Avoid frequent consumption of coffee, tea, chocolates, chips, pineapple, and other foods which trigger ulcers.
- Stop alcohol consumption and smoking.
Consult your physician immediately if you suffer from repeated large ulcers, which last more than 2 weeks.