PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a hormonal disorder that is caused by your endocrine system. It is marked by excessive levels of male hormone androgen in your body. PCOS interferes with ovulation and affects your menstrual cycles.
What Are the Symptoms of PCOS?
Here are the most common symptoms of PCOS:
- Little or too much menstrual bleeding
- Inability to conceive
- Acne flare ups
- Excessive growth of body or facial hair
- Dark patches on your skin
- Mood swings
To learn more about these symptoms click here:know pcos
What causes PCOS?
The exact reason for PCOS occurrence is not certain, but there are a few factors that may trigger it. They are as follows
1. Genetic history:
If you have PCOS, you can blame it on your genes. Just like you inherit good hair or fair skin from your immediate family, you may unfortunately inherit their disorders too. It implies that if your mom, sister, aunt or your grandma had PCOS, it can easily pass on to you through the same genetic lineage. Genetic history of PCOS in the immediate family hikes your risk of developing PCOS.
2. Mild inflammations:
If you have frequent inflammations, you are likely to develop PCOS. To fight inflammations, your body produces more white blood cells. This increases the secretion of androgen hormone by your ovaries leading to PCOS.
3. Excessive weight:
If you follow a sedentary lifestyle and easily pile on excessive pounds, then be aware. Being overweight or obese, you are at a higher risk of developing PCOS symptoms. Excessive weight gain may disrupt your regular periods and hormone secretion leading to PCOS.
4. High levels of insulin:
Your pancreas secrete insulin to process the glucose in your bloodstream and make it available to your body cells as energy. When your body cells become resistant to insulin, it takes higher amounts of insulin to do the same work. Your pancreas increases the production of insulin in the body.
Excess of insulin levels affect your ovaries adversely. Your ovaries tend to increase the secretion of male hormone androgen. As a result of high androgen levels, you tend to develop symptoms of PCOS.
These factors may make you prone to PCOS. Apart from genetic causes, you can manage the other factors leading to PCOS. Keep your weight under control, take remedies or medicines for managing inflammations and follow a healthy diet and exercise routine to keep your insulin levels in the normal range.
What are the complications arising from PCOS?
It is crucial to take preventive measures like following a healthy lifestyle with regular diet and exercise to avoid the complications of PCOS. The various potential complications of PCOS are:
1. Type 2 Diabetes:
With high levels of insulin in your bloodstream, you are most likely to develop Type 2 diabetes. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle are the main culprits that lead to PCOS and eventually to Type 2 diabetes. Some of the common symptoms of diabetes include excessive fatigue, blurred vision, dry mouth, increased thirst and hunger etc.
2. Obstructive Sleep Apnea:
It is a sleep disorder wherein your breathing is disrupted for a few seconds while you are snoozing. It generally occurs in people who are overweight or obese. Due to excessive weight, the soft tissue in your mouth and throat tend to block the air passage for a few seconds.
This blockage makes your oxygen levels dip and you wake up for a short time from your slumber. This is the condition that causes the snoring sounds while you are asleep. Obstructive sleep apnea may occur due to weight gain because of PCOS.
During normal ovulation, the ovary produces eggs in the follicles. The egg matures due to the release of female hormones in the fluid filled follicles. After maturity, it is released into the fallopian tube. The matured egg (or eggs) makes its way to the uterus where it gets fertilised or gets released through the menstrual cycle if it remains unfertilised.
Due to PCOS, there is insufficient secretion of female hormones. As a result of this, the eggs do not fully mature. They stay in the follicles as cysts. This stops the secretion of progesterone hormone and disrupts your monthly menstrual cycles.
This condition is further worsened by excessive secretion of the male hormone. As a result of this, your periods stop or become highly irregular. PCOS makes it difficult for you to conceive and causes infertility.
4. High LDL Cholesterol:
PCOS may cause the bad LDL cholesterol levels to go up and the good HDL cholesterol levels to go down. This may lead to narrowing of your arterial walls and cause atherosclerosis. This heightens your risk for developing heart diseases.
5. High Blood Pressure:
PCOS can cause high blood pressure. This may happen due to obesity induced high cholesterol that may build up plaque deposits in your arteries. This may lead to narrowing or blocking of arterial walls and cause hypertension or high blood pressure as a result.
6. Metabolic Syndrome:
PCOS may trigger metabolic syndrome. It is a condition when abnormalities happen in your body that lead to a heart related disorder. Excessive weight gain, high blood pressure, high levels of blood sugar, high levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides are the parameters that indicate metabolic syndrome. PCOS may set off and augment this condition.
7. Anxiety and Depression:
With changes in your physical appearance like weight gain, facial hair, acne etc. due to PCOS, you may feel anxious and depressed as a woman. You may get emotionally affected by this disorder apart from experiencing the physical symptoms.
Also, most women with PCOS have high insulin levels in their bloodstream. This may trigger mood swings and depression too. This is because the blood sugar levels may vary that may make you irritable and tired.
Once you decipher the symptoms of PCOS, consult your doctor. Chalk out a PCOS management plan with medication, diet and exercise. Follow it diligently to prevent triggering complications of PCOS. Be aware, be healthy and stay positive!
Let us know in the comments how you dealt with the complications arising out of PCOS.
Internal medicines useful in PCOS
Nirogam’s PCOS kit is aimed at treating the specific symptoms of PCOS. It targets the reduction of male hormones, optimization of the ovarian functions and improvement of endocrine functions – all of which are responsible for PCOS. Kanchanar Guggulu is a proven remedy to remove growths, swelling, and lumps like fibroids and cysts.
Benefits of the PCOS Kit:
1. Treats amenorrhea
2. Promotes ovulation
3. Enhances female reproductive health and fertility.
4. Treats hormonal imbalance
5. Enhances immunity