All You Need to Know About Kidney Stones

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Do you have difficulty in passing urine, do you see traces of blood in your urine, do you have severe pain in your back or side that makes it hard for you to be comfortable in any body position followed by fever, chills, nausea and vomiting?

If you find these signs and symptoms happening to you, then it is best to seek medical help and get yourself tested for kidney stones. Kidney stones can develop at any age. This brings up the inevitable question- what causes stone formation in kidneys?

 

How Stones are Formed in Your Kidneys

Stones formation occurs in your kidneys when three substances – uric acid, calcium and oxalate, coincide in your body. These three substances form many minute crystals in the body that your urine cannot dilute and flush out of the kidneys. These crystals bind together over time and you end up having one or more stones in your kidneys.

 

What Causes Kidney Stones?

Well, there may be more than one factor that could cause kidney stones.  If you have a family history of kidney stones, then chances are high that you may have the tendency for it too. You can then blame this condition on your genes.

If you do not have a family history of kidney stones and yet have kidney stones, then get your thyroid levels checked. Excessive secretion of hormones from the parathyroid gland may spike the amount of calcium in your body. Too much calcium reacts with oxalate in your body to form calcium oxalate crystals. When these crystals stick to each other, calcium stones are formed in your kidneys.

If you have frequent or persistent urinary tract infection, then your urine balance is disturbed. It may lead to crystal formation and eventually you may end up with kidneys stones. If you have attained menopause, then your female hormone estrogen takes a dip. Due to this you may develop stones in kidneys. If you have got oophorectomy (surgery for removal of ovaries) done, then you are at risk for developing kidney stones.

 

How to Prevent Formation of Kidney Stones

1. Drink lots of water 

Your kidneys essentially flush out the toxins through your urine. When the balance of water, minerals, uric acid and other substances in your urine is disturbed, then stones form in your kidneys. This may happen if you drink less than two to three litres of water in a day as it disrupts the urine balance.

Due to lack of enough water in your urine; the substances and minerals found in your urine get concentrated and tend to stick together. They may not get flushed out of the kidneys due to inadequate water content and eventually show their presence as stones in the kidneys.

2. Avoid oxalate rich foods

Pay attention to what you eat. If your platter is full of oxalate rich foods like leafy greens, soybeans, okra, figs, berries, almonds, wheat bran, chocolate or black tea, then you may develop kidney stones. The high level of oxalate reacts with calcium in your body to form stones in kidneys.

3. Keep your weight and blood sugar under control

If you are overweight, then it may lead to high amount of calcium in your urine. This may make you prone to stone formation in kidneys. The same may happen if you are diabetic. Insulin resistance increases the amount of calcium in your urine. This may cause kidney stones.

Find out your reason or reasons for developing kidney stones. Chalk out a kidney stone management plan with your doctor, keep a positive attitude and live an active and healthy life!

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