What Causes Hyperkalemia and How to Manage It

Hyperkalemia is an electrolyte imbalance caused due to increased potassium concentration in your serum.

Causes of Hyperkalemia

  • Kidney and cardiovascular disease.
  • Severe injury or burns.
  • Diabetes.
  • Alcohol and drug abuse.
  • Internal bleeding.
  • Certain medicines like ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, etc.

Signs and Symptoms of Hyperkalemia

  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • Palpitation.
  • Fatigue or weakness.
  • Weakness of muscle.
  • Tingling sensation.
  • Slow and irregular pulse.

Management of Hyperkalemia

If your potassium level is too high you may need emergency treatment, administration of IV fluids, dialysis, etc. Negligence may become fatal.

For moderate to low level of elevation, you can try these measures:

  • Consume calcium-rich foods. Drink orange juice, milk, buttermilk with garlic.
  • Avoid consumption of potassium-rich foods like avocados, potatoes, tomatoes, pumpkin, cooked spinach, raisins, nuts, chocolates, prunes, bananas, cauliflowers, etc.
  • Drink sufficient amount of water. Avoid drinking caffeinated drinks.
  • Avoid consumption of more salt substitutes.
  • If your medication is increasing your potassium levels, speak to your doctor and change the medications.
  • Quit smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Be physically active and do regular exercise, sweating will help to flush out toxins.

If you are suffering from kidney disease, you can find the Ayurvedic remedies in this article: Treatment for chronic kidney disease.

Additional Reading:

High Potassium Level – An Overview

All Natural Products For Kidney Diseases

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