Cholera is an infectious disease affecting your small intestine. Vibrio cholerae is the causative bacteria.
For the period of 2004-2008, 8,38315 cases have been notified to WHO. It is estimated that about 3 to 5 million cases of cholera and 100000 – 1,30000 deaths per year due to cholera. (Source: WHO International)
Causes of Cholera
- Drinking contaminated water.
- Poor sanitation.
- Eating raw vegetables and fruits without proper washing.
- Eating stale food, uncooked seafood, meat and drinking raw unpasteurized milk.
- Close contact with infected person.
Symptoms of Cholera
- Watery diarrhoea resembling rice washed water.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Dry mouth and feeling thirsty.
- Muscle cramps.
- Fatigue and irritability.
- Low blood pressure.
- Severe dehydration may lead to shock, coma, and death.
Management of Cholera
- Rehydration by ORS solution or IV fluids.
- You can drink freshly prepared, well-churned buttermilk.
- Boil musta, coriander seeds, ginger powder in drinking water and drink sip by sip repeatedly to replenish the hydration in your body.
- Eat well cooked, easily digestible fluid or semi-solid foods like gruel, soup, etc.
- Kutaja, Bliwa, Musta, Ushira, Dadimashtaka churna, etc can be taken internally with buttermilk or honey.
- You can boil dry rind of tender pomegranate or guava tree bark in drinking water and use for drinking.
Prevention of Cholera
- Drink boiled and cooled water.
- Wash fruits and vegetables well before consuming.
- Avoid drinking raw milk, meat and seafood.
- Avoid eating street foods.
- Eat foods which are cooked well and when it is still warm. Avoid eating stale foods.
- Wash your hands well with soap solution before having food.
- Use clean, disinfected water for cooking and washing your utensils.