Cholera is an infectious disease affecting your small intestine. Vibrio cholerae is the causative bacteria.

For the period of 2004-2008, 8,38315 cases have been notified to WHO. It is estimated that about 3 to 5 million cases of cholera and 100000 – 1,30000 deaths per year due to cholera. (Source: WHO International)

Causes of Cholera

  • Drinking contaminated water.
  • Poor sanitation.
  • Eating raw vegetables and fruits without proper washing.
  • Eating stale food, uncooked seafood, meat and drinking raw unpasteurized milk.
  • Close contact with infected person.

Symptoms of Cholera

  • Watery diarrhoea resembling rice washed water.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Dry mouth and feeling thirsty.
  • Muscle cramps.
  • Fatigue and irritability.
  • Low blood pressure.
  • Severe dehydration may lead to shock, coma, and death.

Management of Cholera

  • Rehydration by ORS solution or IV fluids.
  • You can drink freshly prepared, well-churned buttermilk.
  • Boil musta, coriander seeds, ginger powder in drinking water and drink sip by sip repeatedly to replenish the hydration in your body.
  • Eat well cooked, easily digestible fluid or semi-solid foods like gruel, soup, etc.
  • Kutaja, Bliwa, Musta, Ushira, Dadimashtaka churna, etc can be taken internally with buttermilk or honey.
  • You can boil dry rind of tender pomegranate or guava tree bark in drinking water and use for drinking.

Prevention of Cholera

  • Drink boiled and cooled water.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables well before consuming.
  • Avoid drinking raw milk, meat and seafood.
  • Avoid eating street foods.
  • Eat foods which are cooked well and when it is still warm. Avoid eating stale foods.
  • Wash your hands well with soap solution before having food.
  • Use clean, disinfected water for cooking and washing your utensils.