Mountain sickness is also termed as altitude sickness. It is the uneasy feeling you get when you reach high altitude regions. Usually, it will occur at about 8000 feet or more above sea level.
Causes of Mountain Sickness

  • Lower air pressure and oxygen levels.
  • Anaemia.
  • Suffering with heart and lung disease.
  • Physical strain.

Symptoms of Mountain Sickness

  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • Severe headache and body pain.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Increased heart rate.
  • Swelling of lower and upper limbs.
  • Lack of coordination and orientation.
  • Confusion.
  • Disturbed sleep.

How to Prevent Mountain Sickness

  • Don’t go to higher altitude in a rush. Try to go up slowly step by step and come down to a lower altitude region to sleep.
  • Carry an oxygen cylinder with you.
  • Visit your family physician and undergo physical examination before going for trek or hiking.
  • Keep all the necessary medicines handy.
  • Make sure you are hydrated well. Drink sufficient amount of fluids.
  • Eat high calorie and carbohydrate-rich foods. Include ginger in your diet.
  • Avoid smoking, tobacco and alcohol consumption.
  • Give proper rest to your body and avoid exercising.

Important Note: Severe altitude sickness may cause swelling of your lungs and brain leading to coma and death. Even if you notice any mild symptoms, contact the available medical person immediately.