Panchakarma is a set of 5 ayurvedic cleansing procedures that completely detoxifies the body and aids in the healing of various ailments.
Here are the 5 cleansing procedures:
1. Vamana – therapeutic vomiting
2. Virechana – purgation through lower pathways
3. Basti – enema
4. Nasya – administration of medicine through the nasal cavity
5. Raktamokshana – therapeutic bloodletting
Preceding the Panchakarma procedure, the patient needs to be prepared. This preparatory procedure is called Purvakarma – Pachana (digestion), Snehana (oleation both internal and external), Swedana (sweating).
Similarly, following Panchakarma, the procedure is concluded with the administration of Paschatkarma and Peyadikarma.
All 3 steps – Purvakarma, Panchakarma and Paschatkarma & Peyadikarma should be done only under the supervision of an ayurvedic doctor as several factors are considered prior to administration of these procedures. These procedures are carried out over a period of several days according to each patient's condition.