Meditation: A Short Overview

 

 

Meditation is the way to control your mind. The joy, sorrow, likes, dislikes, desires, affection, jealousy, etc.,  are nothing but different thoughts of your mind. The sense organs like ears, eyes, nose, skin and tongue are the gateway to convey these worldly senses to your mind, which in turn disturbs the manasika doshas – rajas and tamas and decreases the sattva guna in the individual.

According to Ayurveda all the diseases are psychosomatic, where mind also plays an important role in manifestation diseases. Therefore, one has to try to control their mind and senses. This can be achieved through yoga and meditation. Meditation is considered as the path for moksha in vedas.

However it is not that easy to get control over your mind. It is not possible to achieve just in a few days. Constant practice, determination and detachment from sense objects will lead you to attain peace of mind. Your mind becomes pure and sattvic, improves your concentration, reduces fickleness and instability.

There are different types and techniques for meditating.The best advice is to choose a type of meditation, which is both simple and effective for you.

  • Concentrative Meditation – This type of meditation focuses the mind on a particular object, sensation, sound or mantra. You may focus on the sound of a mantra or a candle flame. Eventually, with sustained practice the mind becomes still, a space of clarity, ease and calm emerges. If it is your first time, your thoughts might run rampant, which is normal. Just continuously observe the object or breath and keep practising.
  • Mindfulness Meditation – There is no external focal point, but a silent witnessing of the constant movement of the sensations in your body, the feelings of your emotions, or the thought-patterns of your mind. This is a slightly more advanced form of meditation and requires a great deal of passive-observance.
  • Other Types of Meditation: Other means to meditate is by doing asanas/ pranayama/ reciting mantras. While doing these, your mind will concentrate on your body movements, breathing and mantra or OM kara.

Here are a few tips for successful meditation:

Best results with meditation are obtained in the early morning hours between 3am & 6am. During this time the world is still and quiet around you and you have forgotten most of the stress from the day before.

  • Practise meditation everyday in the same place.
  • The place should be well-ventilated , clean, calm and free from all disturbances.
  • Answer your natural urges and wash your feet, hands and face before starting meditation.
  • The best time to practise is brahma muhurta. You can also practice few minutes just before going to bed, which will ensure sound sleep.
  • Sit in a comfortable position. Usually Padmasana, Siddhasana, Vajrasana or Sukhasana is preferred.
  • Don’t meditate immediately after food. At least 4 hours gap should be there after food.
  • Maintain erect posture, your head, neck and spine should form a straight line. Eyes should be closed.
  • Your body and mind should be free from any sort of tension, stress or pressure. All body parts should be free without any strain.
  • Avoid unnecessary body movements. The body should be stable like a statue.
  • Meditate every day without a break.

How to Meditate

– Sit in a quiet area in a comfortable position, close your eyes and concentrate on your breathing.

– Observe the air movements while you inhale and exhale.

– Then recite OM kara loudly few times, then resonate the sound of OM kara in your mind without pronouncing loudly, concentrate on the sound and merge slowly with your breathing.

– Inhale while you chant Aa kara and exhale while chanting Mmmm kara.

– Gradually focus your concentration on the centre of your eyebrows.

– Slowly you may take your concentration on your favourite deity, if you wish. Picturise you diety in your mind.

– Now make your mind free from all thoughts, worries, etc., for few seconds or minutes.

– Then bring back your concentration on your deity again then on your center of your eyebrows then to mantra then to OM kara.

– Recite OM kara again and repeat the cycle.

Try your best to quieten your mind of all thoughts, until you feel one with your body and the universe. The first 20 minutes are usually the hardest but with daily practice you will conquer your mind and feel the relaxing and energising effects of meditation.

Additional Reading:

One Minute Meditation to Beat Stress

How to Make Meditation a Fulfilling Practice

Mindfulness Meditation May Help People with Insomnia

Mindfulness Meditation May Help People with Ulcerative Colitis

To get more information on stress relief and to buy ayurvedic products to reduce stress, anxiety, insomnia, etc., please click on the link below:

Ayurvedic Products to Improve Mood and Relieve Anxiety

 

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