A girl and her parents are in for a handful from her tumultuous teens. Puberty is a difficult time that brings a lot of physical and mental stress in young adults, especially in girls. Girls also start their menstruation during then and the emotional drama begins.

For earlier generations, those of our mother and grandmother, menses would generally start by the age of fourteen or fifteen. To one’s shock and dismay the girls of the generation-next jump to womanhood by the age of ten or eleven. It is like childhood is slowly getting absorbed into adulthood. Though the appearance of the First Red Spot is an occasion for celebration the amount of physical and emotional stress that awaits the girl is not negligible.

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So said, any young girl reading this should not interpret that having menses is the most difficult experience that one has to go through in her life span. Menstruation is not an illness but an activity of the body. It is the sign of fertility, of womanhood and is a green signal to human existence on earth. Motherhood is universally agreed to be the most beautiful experience on earth which cannot be compromised with anything else. This article provides an insight into the various problems faced by women during menstruation.

Irregular Periods

A girl need not get regular periods after menarche or the very first one. It can take up to two years after the first time to develop a regular menstrual cycle. The typical cycle of an adult female is 28 days, although some can be as short as 22 days while some others 45. If the period pattern has not settled in three
years after menarche one should consult a doctor.

The ‘Problems’
The Menstrual problems, though called so are not always problems but bodily reactions to various changes inside. Normally, these conditions do not require any serious medical attention. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is the precursor to menses and is the most common concern. Most of the women have some symptoms or a combination of a few or all of them, be it emotional or physical.

  • The most common external symptom of period is acne or break outs. It can be on the face or on any other part of the body and can be bothersome from a week before the period.
  • It is perfectly okay to feel disinterested and tired before and during the period. Insomnia or change in appetite is also a part of menstrual cycle.
  • Women tend to have mood swings, anxiety, depression or aggression along with physical stress during those days. A work out or a relaxing walk would do the trick for some while complete rest aids some others.
  • Some women experience backache, headache or abdominal pain during their menstrual cycle. Joint pain or muscle pain also occurs to some women.
  • Pain around the breasts, swelling, soreness or heaviness also occurs to some women. These conditions do not require any treatment under normal conditions.
  • Abdominal cramps are the worst among the menstrual pains that really bother all activities. These are caused by the involuntary contractions of the uterus muscles.

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Dysmenorrhea (Painful Periods) is a medical condition with severe abdomen pain during menses. Nausea, diarrhea or heavy blood loss may co-exist with dysmenorrhea in some cases and will need medication.
Amenorrhea (the Absence of Periods) is a condition in which girls do not show signs of menstruation until the age of sixteen or seventeen. At times they do not tend to develop a normal menstrual pattern after the first period for a long duration or tend to stop the normal period pattern all of a sudden for more than 6 months. Ruling out pregnancy, this condition of absence of periods can be due to thyroid conditions, weight loss, excessive exercising, ovarian cysts, any change in hormone levels etc.

Menorrhagia would suggest cases of heavy and prolonged periods. Scientifically speaking, this is caused by an imbalance between the levels of estrogen and progesterone in the body, resulting in the building up of
endometrium or the lining of the uterus. There can be heavy bleeding when the endometrium is finally shed during menstruation. Some other changes like the thyroid condition can also cause this medical condition.
Endometriosis occurs when the tissue normally found only in the uterus starts to grow outside of it, i.e., in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or other parts of the pelvic cavity. This leads to abnormal bleeding, dysmenorrhea, and general pelvic pain. It is better to consult the doctor if any of the mentioned conditions are severe.

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