PCOS Treatment In Ayurveda
So, You have been trying to find the correct approach and the easily do-able Ayurvedic Treatment for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Read on
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine system disorder among women of reproductive age.
Most women with PCOS have many small cysts on their ovaries. Hence, it is called polycystic ovarian syndrome. The cysts are not harmful but lead to hormone imbalances. One hormone change triggers another, which changes another forming a vicious cycle.
The incidence of PCOS appears to be rising in India day by day. It is seen in as many as 5% to 10% of women in their reproductive age. The incidence is increasing may be due to unhealthy lifestyle.
Causes of PCOS
As per modern science the cause of PCOS is not fully understood. It is unknown.
- Hereditary – Genetics may be a factor. PCOS seems to run in families, so your chance of having it is higher if other women in your family have it or have irregular periods or diabetes. PCOS can be passed down from either your mother’s or father’s side.
- Hormonal imbalance – In PCOS there is abnormality in secretion of androgens, luteinizing hormone(LH), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), prolactin. This may cause you to stop ovulating.
- Insulin resistance- Your body may have problems in using insulin leading to abnormal blood sugar levels. This increases the levels of insulin in your body, which increases androgen secretion again leading to hormonal fluctuations. The exact reason why these hormonal changes occur isn’t known.
- Mild inflammation- Women with PCOS have mild inflammation, this type of low-grade inflammation stimulates polycystic ovaries to produce androgens in the body.
Long-term Health Risks of PCOS
- Infertility or Subfertility- Infertility or subfertility is a common problem for women with PCOS.This may be due to the imbalance of hormones, overproduction of the male hormone like testosterone. The ovaries may release eggs only infrequently. PCOS may reduce a woman’s chances to become pregnant. Many women with PCOS do become pregnant naturally or with medical assistance also.
- Endometrial Cancer – Women with PCOS appear to be at increased risk for developing cancer of the endometrium later in life. Women with PCOS also experience the monthly buildup of the endometrial lining. However, the lining is not sufficiently shed because of infrequent menstrual periods. Thus, the lining continues to build and can increase the risk of endometrial cancer.
- Diabetes- Insulin resistance or impaired glucose tolerance in PCOS builds up insulin level in the body stimulating the production of testosterone, which aggravates the PCOS again. By the age of 40 years, up to 40 percent of women with PCOS have some level of abnormal glucose tolerance, in the form of either diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance.
- Lipid Abnormalities- Increased testosterone can lead to an unfavorable lipid profile in women with PCOS. Woman with PCOS may have an unfavorably high level of fat substances in blood. In some women, there may be low-level of high-density lipoproteins or good cholesterol and a higher rate of low-density lipoproteins or bad cholesterol. This imbalance increases the risk for cardiovascular disease.
- Cardiovascular Risks– PCOS women being obese and having abnormality in lipid levels,are at increased risk for heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases. The risk of heart attack is 4 to 7 times higher in women with PCOS than women of the same age without PCOS.
- Hypertension- Women with PCOS are at greater risk of having high blood pressure.
Signs and symptoms of PCOS
- Irregular periods-This is the most common characteristic of PCOS.
- Amenorrhea- Absence of menstruation for four months or longer.
- Variation in menstrual bleeding- Prolonged periods that may be scanty or heavy flow with clots. Bleeding may extend to more than 9 days.
- Infertility- Not able to get pregnant because of not ovulating.
- Hirsutism- Increased male hormones causes excess hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, back, thumbs or toes.
- Skin changes – Includes Acne, oily skin, or dandruff.
- Obesity – Abnormal weight-gain, usually with extra weight around the waist and difficulty in reducing weight.
- Hair thinning – Increased androgen levels may cause male-pattern baldness due to excessive hair fall.
- Acanthosis nigricans- Patches of skin on the neck, arms, breasts, or thighs that are thick, velvety, dark brown or black.
- Skin tags– Excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area.
- Pelvic pain- Few women with PCOS experience dull aching pain in lower abdomen. This is may be due to low-grade inflammation.
- Abnormality in mental health– There may be anxiety or depression, low level of confidence due to change in their physical appearance.
- Sleep apnea– Breathing stops for short periods of time while sleeping, which make you feel tired even after sleeping.
Effects of PCOS in pregnant woman-
Woman with PCOS have higher chance of-
- Gestational diabetes
- PIH- Pregnancy induced hypertension, preeclampsia
- Premature delivery.
- Multiple pregnancies (if ovulation is induced by medications)
Diagnosis of PCOS
- Blood tests – Your blood is tested for various hormones, Thyroid function test, Lipid and diabetic profile.
- Ultrasound scan – To examine your ovaries, uterus and endometrium.
Management of PCOS in Modern Medicine
According to modern medicine there is no cure for PCOS and it can be only managed by medicines and lifestyle modifications.
But medications used to manage PCOS have their own side effects like nausea, vomiting, sleep disturbance, unusual vaginal bleeding other than menstruation, nervousness, fatigue, breast tenderness, diarrhea or constipation, stomach bloating, change in appetite, weight gain or loss, acne and vision disturbance.
- Medications- Birth control pills to regularize periods, metformin to reduce insulin resistance.
- Fertility treatment to induce ovulation, artificial insemination,IVF, etc.
- Surgical procedure like ovarian drilling and cyst aspiration.
- Laser treatment or medication to reduce hirsutism.
- Regular exercise – To reduce body weight and prevent insulin resistance. It is advisable to lose at least 5% of your weight to regularise the cycles.
- Meditation – To overcome anxiety and depression.
- Diet – For weight management and to reduce blood sugar levels. Eat balanced, low glycemic healthy diet.
PCOS treatment in Ayurveda is therefore all about managing it well with natural remedies and lifestyle changes and thus, minimizing all the side effects slowly.
In Ayurveda various menstrual issues is mentioned under artava vaha sroto dushti. PCOS is a complex disorder which falls in artava kshaya, anartava, rasa vaha sroto dushti and medo vaha sroto dushti.
There is a definite cure for PCOS in ayurveda but you must be patient as treatment may extend upto 6 months or 1 year because natural remedies for PCOS take time to cure.
Picoshunya is aimed at treating the specific symptoms of PCOS. It targets the reduction of male hormones, optimization of the ovarian functions and improvement of endocrine functions – all of which are responsible for PCOS. Kanchanar Guggulu is one of the proven remedies to remove growths, swelling, and lumps like fibroids and cysts.
- Promotes ovulation
- Corrects irregular periods, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOD)
- Enhances fertility
- Eliminates cysts.
1 or 2 tablets twice daily or as suggested by the physician.