Cervical cancer is a type of cancer affecting your cervix of the uterus. It is the most frequent cancer in women in India and the second most common cancer in women worldwide. In India about 132,000 cases are newly diagnosed and 74,000 deaths every year due to cervical cancer. The incidence rises in 30-34 years of age and maximum at 55-65 years.

Causes of Cervical Cancer

The exact cause of cervical is not known clearly yet. But, HPV (Human papillomavirus) is considered as the causative organism which can precipitate the chance of cervical cancer.

Following are the factors which may risk you to cervical cancer-

  • Multiple sexual partners.
  • Beginning of sexual activity at very young age.
  • Weak immune power.
  • Smoking.
  • Other sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Hereditary.
  • Overuse of oral contraceptive pills.
  • Multiple pregnancies.

Signs and Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Initially, you may not notice any symptoms. As the disease progress, you may notice symptoms like:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding in between your menstrual cycles.
  • Prolonged and more bleeding during menstruation.
  • Pain and discomfort during urination.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Post coital bleeding.
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge like foul smelling, thick and blood stained discharge.
  • Sudden weight loss.

Prevention of Cervical Cancer

  • Undergo pap test routinely.
  • Avoid multiple sexual partners.
  • Practise safe and healthy sex.
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Eat healthy foods rich in fruits and vegetables.
  • Maintain healthy weight.