Hernia is a condition where you see the abnormal protrusion of visceral organ like intestine, etc., through the weak point of your muscle.
Various Types of Hernia
- Inguinal hernia – Occurs near your groin,
- Umbilical hernia – Occurs near your belly button.
- Incisional hernia – Occurs due to the weakness in the muscle after any abdominal surgery.
- Hiatus hernia – There is protrusion of upper part of stomach through your diaphragm.
- Femoral hernia – Occurs near the upper part of your thighs.
Common Causes of Hernia
- Any injury in the abdominal muscle due to accident or surgery.
- Lifting heavy weights.
- Repeated cough.
- Post pregnancy.
- Repeated stress and strain of abdominal muscles due to constipation, diarrhea, persistent sneezing, etc.
- Being obese.
Signs and Symptoms of Hernia
- You will notice an abnormal lump.
- It may be painless initially and may become severely painful.
- It may be reducible – you can push back the lump into its normal position or irreducible – you cannot push it back.
- If it is strangulated, you will experience severe pain, nausea, vomiting and fever. It is a medical emergency.
Management of Hernia
If Hernia is small and you don’t have pain, no treatment is needed. If it is strangulated, surgery is the only option.
- Manage your weight – reduce your excess weight.
- Avoid lifting heavy weights.
- Avoid constipation by taking fibre rich foods.
- You can wear supportive surgical belts under the guidance of your physician.
- Eat healthy foods to strengthen your muscles.
- Do yoga and pranayama under proper guidance.
- Avoid overeating. Eat only 3/4th of your capacity.
- Don’t drink large quantity of fluids immediately after food.
- Finish your dinner early.
- Do regular walking to maintain your weight.
Pic credit: wehealny.org