Hernia is a condition where you see the abnormal protrusion of visceral organ like intestine, etc., through the weak point of your muscle.

Various Types of Hernia

  • Inguinal hernia – Occurs near your groin,
  • Umbilical hernia – Occurs near your belly button.
  • Incisional hernia – Occurs due to the weakness in the muscle after any abdominal surgery.
  • Hiatus hernia – There is protrusion of upper part of stomach through your diaphragm.
  • Femoral hernia – Occurs near the upper part of your thighs.

 

Common Causes of Hernia

  • Any injury in the abdominal muscle due to accident or surgery.
  • Lifting heavy weights.
  • Repeated cough.
  • Post pregnancy.
  • Repeated stress and strain of abdominal muscles due to constipation, diarrhea, persistent sneezing, etc.
  • Being obese.
  • Hereditary.

 

Signs and Symptoms of Hernia

  • You will notice an abnormal lump.
  • It may be painless initially and may become severely painful.
  • It may be reducible – you can push back the lump into its normal position or irreducible – you cannot push it back.
  • If it is strangulated, you will experience severe pain, nausea, vomiting and fever. It is a medical emergency.

 

Management of Hernia

If Hernia is small and you don’t have pain, no treatment is needed. If it is strangulated, surgery is the only option.

  • Manage your weight – reduce your excess weight.
  • Avoid lifting heavy weights.
  • Avoid constipation by taking fibre rich foods.
  • You can wear supportive surgical belts under the guidance of your physician.
  • Eat healthy foods to strengthen your muscles.
  • Do yoga and pranayama under proper guidance.
  • Avoid overeating. Eat only 3/4th of your capacity.
  • Don’t drink large quantity of fluids immediately after food.
  • Finish your dinner early.
  • Do regular walking to maintain your weight.

Pic credit: wehealny.org

Additional Reading:

Inguinal Hernia – An Overview

Hiatal Hernia – An Overview

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